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Gold Rush Timeline


1832 Russian mining engineer discovers gold near Kuskokwim River.

Lieutenant Peter Doroshin, a geologist with the Russian Corps of Mining engineers, found traces of gold in the mouths of streams emptying into Kenai Bay, though he never found the source of the gold.

1861 Buck Choquette discovers gold on the Stikine River at Telegraph Creek in British Columbia near Wrangell.
1867 Alaska purchased from Russia. 

American prospectors came north to explore the new territory.

1870 Gold found at Sumdum Bay, SE Alaska.
1871 Gold discovered at lndian River near Sitka.
1872 Prospectors make a second Stikine gold strike.
1873 Jack McQuesten, Arthur Harper and Alfred Mayo begin prospecting along the Yukon River.
1874 George Holt became the first to cross Chilkoot Pass in search for gold.
1876 Gold was discovered in Juneau, sparking the Juneau gold rush.
1880 Tlingit Natives agree allow prospectors to cross Chilkoot Pass.

Kowee, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris make major gold strike on Gold Creek near Juneau, leading to the establishment of that city.

1884 Congress passes the Organic Act of 1884, providing a civil government for Alaska.
1886 Howard Franklin and Henry Madison strike gold on Fortymile River in interior Alaska near the Canadian border.  This find started the first rush to interior Alaska, setting the stage for further strikes throughout the region.
1888 Alexander King discovers gold on Kenai Peninsula.
More than 60,000 arrived in Alaska in search of gold.
1892 A discovery on Birch Creek opens the Circle Mining District.
1893 Gold discoveries near Hope, Rampart and Circle focused new attention on the Yukon River drainage as a place to prospect.

The Panic of 1893 plunges the U.S. into economic depression.

1896 George Washington Carmack, Tagish Charlie and Skookum Jim stake a claim on Bonanza Creek, setting off the great Klondike gold rush.
1897 S.S. Excelsior and S.S. Portland arrive at San Francisco and Seattle loaded with gold from the Klondike.

The stampede to the Klondike begins.

U.S. Army establishes Fort St. Michaels, first of six gold rush posts.

1898 30,000 stampeders reach the Klondike.

Gold discoveries at Nome by the "Three Lucky Swedes" caused another massive rush north.

Sixty five people die in Chilkoot Pass avalanche.

1899 More gold was discovered on the beaches of Nome.

Gold discoveries in the Koyukuk drainage brought prospectors to the foothills of the Brooks Range, the northern-most extent of Alaska's gold rushes. Small strikes led to short-lived mining camps at Beaver City, Dillman Creek, Coldfoot, and elsewhere.

1900 Congress authorizes construction of telegraph lines and submarine cables to connect Alaska's military posts with each other and with the rest of the U.S.

Alexander McKenzie and Judge Arthur H. Noyes arrive ln Nome and start a fraudulent scheme to seize rich mining claims.

1902 Italian immigrant, Felix Pedro discovers gold on Pedro Creek leads to the founding of Fairbanks.
1903 Discoveries at Valdez Creek set off a small stampede to a district that contained the largest gold placer mine in North America.

Miners from Dawson stage a -50 degree stampede to the Tanana.
Boundary tribunal settles boundary dispute between Alaska and British Columbia.

1906 Gold discovered in Chandalar District.
1908 John Beaton and William Dikeman strike gold on the Iditarod River.
1909 Gold discoveries at Iditarod and Flat set off another rush, sometimes called "The Last Great Rush."
1910 Stampede to Ruby.
1911 Kennicott copper mines begin production.

Alaska Road Commission blazes the Iditarod Trail, from Seward to Nome.

1912 Congress passes Organic Act of 1912, giving Alaska Territorial Status and a Legislature.
1913 Gold found at Marshall.

Billy James and Nels Nelson discover gold at Chisana in the Wrangell Mountains.

1914 Jay Livengood finds gold on Livengood Creek, north of Fairbanks.





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