Bay lies offshore in the Beaufort Sea, east of Nuiqsut, in the northern
waters of Alaska. It lies at approximately 70░ 22' N Latitude, 148░ 22'
W Longitude (Sec. 08, T010N, R015E, Umiat Meridian). The community is
located in the Barrow Recording District. The area encompasses 35 sq.
miles of land and 12 sq. miles of water.
The Bay was named in 1828. The site was
extensively developed for oil drilling operations in the 1970s. An
800-mile pipeline was constructed to transport crude oil from Prudhoe
Bay to Valdez, where it is shipped in marine tankers to terminals
throughout the U.S. The pipeline has 12 pump stations and a maximum
capacity of 2 million barrels of crude oil per day.