The Census of 1890 noted a series of settlements
along the beach, including Rutkovsky village, a group of retired employees of
the Russian American Company. A post office was maintained intermittently from
1888 to 1958. The Good Friday Earthquake of 1964 generated a tsunami, which
destroyed the village. A new community was constructed on the northeast coast of
Kodiak Island, called Port Lions, and the residents of Afognak moved there
permanently in December 1964. Aleneva is currently a settlement of "Russian Old
Believers," whose ancestors settled in Woodburn, Oregon, after the Bolshevik
Revolution of 1917 forced them out of Russia. The first Old Believer settlers in
Alaska received a grant from the Tolstoy Foundation in New York and purchased
land on the Kenai Peninsula in 1967. Russian Old Believers have established
various other settlements in Alaska, including Aleneva.
The population consists of 1.5% Alaska Native or part Native. During the 2000
census, total housing units numbered 14, of which none were vacant. 2000 census
data showed 21 residents as employed. The unemployment rate at that time was
zero, although half of all adults were not in the work force. The median
household income was $10,417 and the per capita income was $3,707, making
Aleneva the place in Alaska with the lowest per capita income.
40.66% of residents were living below the poverty level.